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Franklin Institute: El Nino

Project Athena: Oceans (student investigations)

Tide Data

Scripps Institution of Oceanography: Library of Oceanography

Ocean Floor Exploration

TOGA-TAO (Tropical Ocean Study) and EL NINO**

El Nino: Problem Based Learning

Oceanography at University of California: Santa Barbara

USGS News and Information on El Nino**

NOAA Websites on El Nino**

This Franklin Institute Website offers some of the latest information on EL NINO. The home page contains some information on the history of El Nino. Links from the home page to the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Array (TAO) inform the reader about this NOAA project to monitor the tropical oceans. These links also contain some simple experiments geared to the middle school student to understand the atmospheric dynamics that cause this phenomena.

Studying the oceans? Looking for a site where you can locate TIDE DATA? Then visit:

The American Museum of Natural History is highlighting an exhibit on OCEAN FLOOR EXPLORATION: Black Smokers and clues to the origin of life.

San Diego State University, hosts this site where students have an opportunity to engage in a Problem Based Learning experience as they investigate the EL NINO Phenomena. The site offers the student the opportunity to study and analyze historical data, and real time data. Expert opinions can be accessed. Students culminate this investigation by forming their own opinions after developing a scientific model based upon the data available. Links to the National Data Buoy Center, Scripps Institute of Oceanography, and the National Weather Service are provided as well as to several other useful sites.

Project Athena: OCEANS. Definitely a "five star" site! This site loads quickly, and provides access to a wealth of data and student investigations. From this site, you can link to an excellent image depicting Ocean Currents (from space). Student investigations tracking drifter buoys and locating the Gulf Stream are among the activities available here. Scroll to the bottom of the page and you will find links and descriptions to other valuable oceanography related sites.

The Scripps Institute of Oceanography (SIO) maintains an outstanding site that provides access to all kinds of information related to the oceans. From this site you can access the SIO library as well as link to other oceanography resources found on the 'net.

The TOGA-TAO website, sponsored by NOAA, contains information about El Nino, links to relevant current data, and background information. This site is quite complete, with access to everything from buoy data to satellite data. A link to a three-dimensional animation of sea surface temperatures provides a unique look at the phenomena, however, it is JAVA enhanced, so, if you have a slower modem or computer, you'll want to avoid that link. Most other links at this site seem to work well.

OCEANOGRAPHY is the title of the UCSB site. Created by the UCSB Dept. of Geological Sciences, this site contains several worthwhile links. Following the "resource downloads" link will lead you to a complete Oceanography Lab Manual available for free download. Following the Virtual Reality Project link will enable your students to "fly through" the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Note: This link requires the download of >1mb in images. Slower modems may take sometime to acquire these images.


The United Stateds Geological Survey has created a highly useful website that provides a series of links to images and discussion on the impact of El Nino, primarily as it impacts the United States.

Two links are provided here from NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. In addition to providing our nation with the National Weather Service, whose main duty is to provide weather forecasts, NOAA conducts extensive research on the El Nino phenomena. The first site ( contains many links to a wealth of El Nino information. The home page also depicts a real time world map illustrating sea surface temperature anomalies (see below for an example). The second site ( is basically a "frequently asked questions" page discussing (in brief) issues such as what El Nino is. The site is primarily text, however there are links to a variety of visuals to support the text.